Canada, House of Commons (June 17, 2021). Hansard #120 of the 43rd Parliament, 2nd Session, Debates of June 17th, 2021. Retrieved from:

Canada, House of Commons (June 14, 2021). Hansard #117 of the 43rd Parliament, 2nd Session, Debates of June 14th, 2021. Retrieved from:

Canada, Broadcasting and Telecommunications Legislative Review Panel (2020). Canada’s Communication Future: Time to ActOttawa: Author.

Economist Intelligence Unit. (2019). Who Dominates Global Data Flows: An Analysis of Underwater Internet Cables. Retrieved from:

Canadian Heritage Parliamentary Committee (June 15, 2017). Report of the Standing Committee on Canadian Heritage, Disruption: Change and Churning in Canada’s Media Landscape. Ottawa: House of Commons.

Canadian Heritage Parliamentary Committee study of the media and local communities. Questioning of Competition Bureau (Feb. 13, 2017 @ 16 hour, 15 minute mark).

Public Policy Forum. (2017). The Shattered Mirror: News, Democracy & Trust in the Digital Age. Ottawa: Author.

Lindgren, A., Hodson, J. & Corbett, J. (2016). Local News Poverty in Canadian Communities: Presentation to the Canadian Heritage Parliamentary Committee study of the media and local communities (October 6, 2016).

Fortune, J. (2016). Canadian Content in a Digital World The Role of Independent Broadcasters as Content Creators and Providers. Submission of IBG-GDI to Department of Canadian Heritage’sCanadian Content in a Digital World Review.

Library of Parliament, Canada. (March 23, 2016). Research and analysis: Changes in the Canadian wireless telecommunications sector. Hill Notes.

Drohan, M. (2016). Does serious journalism have a future in Canada? Ottawa:Public Policy Forum, 2015 Prime Ministers of Canada Fellow Research Papers.

Picard, R. G., Belair-Gagnon, V. & Ranchordás, S. (2016). The Impact of Charity and Tax Law Regulation for Non-Profit News Organizations. London, UK: Reuters Institute/ Yale University Information Society Project.

Gill, I. (2015). No news is bad news: Canada’s media collapse, and what comes next. Vancouver: Greystone Books.

Rioux, M. & Fontaine-Skronski, K. (2015). Global governance facing structural changes. London: Palgrave.

Clarke, D. (2015). Journalism and Political Exclusion: Social Conditions of News Production and Reception. Montreal: McGill-Queens University.

Obar, J. A., Taylor, G., Antoine, D., Bivens, R., Caidi, N., Johnson, A., Middleton, C. & Skinner, D. (2014). Mapping Digital Media: Canada. Open Society Foundations.

Druick, Z. (2014). The CRTC’s Market-driven De-regulation of Canadian television. Stream: Culture/Politics/Technology, 6(1): 9-11.

Hirst, M., Harrison, J. & Mazepa, P. (2014). Communication and New Media (CDN ed.). New York: Oxford University Press.

Little, W. (2014). Introduction to Sociology – 1st Canadian Edition. BC OpenTextbooks.